A Prospective Study on Effect of Stress on Sleep Quality in Young Medical Students in a Tertiary Hospital
Objective: The objectives of this study was to evaluate the sleep disruption risk enhancement among the young Medical students due to increasing the demand of clinical and academic duties and Studying the relation between sleep quality and psychological stress which can be useful in implementing an organized mental health program in medical colleges. The main aim is to study the prevalence and the effect of stress on sleep quality in young medical students.
Methods: This Prospective cross sectional study was conducted on Medical students of Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College & Research Centre to recognize the effect of stress on sleep quality among 75 medical students. The instruments used for data collection were a self-report Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ).
Results: Results of present study showed that 59% of subjects were poor sleepers. Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between general health status and sleep quality of students (r = 0.5118, p = 0.0001). Conclusions: A considerable proportion of medical students are affected by poor sleep quality. Sleep disruption acts as a barrier for students’ performance in examinations. So, it is important to implement health promotion and educational programs for them.
2. Lavie P, Pillar G, Malhotra A.Sleep disorders: Diagnosis, management & treatment, A hand book for clinicians. London: Martin Dunitz Ltd; 2002.
3. Chokroverty S.Sleep disorders medicine: Basic science, technical considerations, and clinical aspects. 3rd edition. Philadelphia: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. 2009.
4. Taylor DJ, Bramoweth AD. Patterns and consequences of inadequate sleep in college students: substance use and motor vehicle accidents. J Adolesc Health. 2010;46:610-12.
5. Steptoe A, Peacey V, Wardle J. Sleep duration and health in young adults. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:1689-92.
6. Lund HG, Reider BD, Whiting AB, Prichard JR: Sleep patterns and predictors of disturbed sleep in a large population of college students. J Adolesc Health. 2010;46:124-32.
7. Alex D, David A. Adolescence sleep disturbances as predictors of adulthood sleep disturbances—a cohort study. J Adolesc Health. 2010;46:482-7.
8. Suen LK, Hon KLE, Tam WW. Association between sleep behavior and sleep-related factors among university students in Hong Kong. Chronobiol Int .2008;25(5):760-75.
9. Cheng SH, Shih C-C, Lee H, Hou Y-W, Chen KC, Chen K-T et al. A study on the sleep quality of incoming University students. Psych Res. 2012;197(3):270-4.
10. Hsieh Y-H, Hsu CY, Liu CY, Huang TL. The levels of stress and depression among interns and clerks in three medical centres in Taiwan- a cross sectional study. Chang Gung Med J. 2011;34:278-85.
11. Sreernama Reddy CT, Shankar PR, Binu V, Mukhipadhyay C, Ray B, Menezes RG. Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate students of Nepal. BMC Med Educ. 2007;7:26.
12. Wolfson AR, Carskadon MA. Schedules and day time functioning in adolescents. Child development. 1998;69(4):875-87
13. EHS M270: Work and Health, Spring 2007.
14. Available from: URL: http://www.workhealth.org/UCI%202007/practicum %2008%20GHQ%202007.pdf
15. Sahraian A, Javadpour A. Sleep disruption and its correlation to psychological distress among medical students. Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 2010;11(1):12-7.
16. Strine TW, Chapman DP. Associations of frequent sleep insufficiency with health related quality of life and health behaviors. Sleep Med. 2005;6(1):23-7.
17. Hicks RA, Fernandez C, Pellegrini RJ. Striking changes in the sleep satisfaction of university students over the last two decades. Precept Mot Skills. 2001;93(3):660.
18. Yang CM, Wu AH, Hsieh MH, Liu MH, Lu FH. Coping with sleep disturbances among young adults: a survey of first year college students in Taiwan. Behav Med. 2003;29(3):133-8.
19. Strauch I, Meier B. Sleep need in adolescents: a longitudinal approach. Sleep. 1988;11(4):378-86.
20. Wolfson AR, Carskadon MA. Schedules and day time functioning in adolescents. Child Development. 1998;69(4):875-87.
21. Roberts RE, Roberts CR, Chen RG. Impact of insomnia on future functioning of adolescent. J Psychosom Res. 2002;53(1):561-9.