Assessment for Nutritional Status Among Pre-School Children in South Delhi, India
Background: Weight is an important metric to measure protein energy status, and women from underdeveloped or developed nations who are heavier at pre-pregnancy deliver heavier babies.
Methods: This study was conducted in JJ Colony, Madanpur Khadar Extension of South Delhi and included 50 children each in two groups (between 24-35 months and 36-47 months of age), with equal number of both genders. Anthropometric measurements of weight and height were measured.
Results: Underweight in age 24-47 months: 51 (51%), 36 (36%), 11 (11%) and 2 (2%) children were found to be in the ranges of normal weight, Grade-I, Grade-II, and severely underweight, respectively by Indian Academy of Paediatrics or IAP classification. By Gomez classification, the same were estimated to be 28 (28%), 45 (45%), 25 (25%), and 2 (2%).
Stunting and wasting in age 24-47 months: 52 (52%), 11 (11%), 16 (16%), and 21 (21%) children were found to be normal, in Grade-I, Grade-II and in Grade-III stunting respectively in height for age, while 82 (82%), 13 (13%), 4 (4%), and 1 (1%) children were found to be normal, in Grade-I, Grade-II and Grade-III wasting in weight for height respectively; using the Waterlow classification.
Conclusion: The most extensively used markers of nutritional quality in a population are anthropometric measures. In a total of 100 children, three types of assessments based on weight and height were done - weight for age to rule out underweight, height for age to rule out stunting and weight for height to rule out wasting.
Copyright (c) 2022 Anis Ahmad, Sazina Muzammil, Krishna Mohan, Khalid Umer Khayyam
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