Assessment for Nutritional Status Among Pre-School Children in South Delhi, India

  • Anis Ahmad Department of Tahaffuzi-Wa-Samaji Tibb, Faculty of Medicine (Unani), Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
  • Sazina Muzammil Head, Dept. of Physiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, India
  • Krishna Mohan PhD Scholar, Division of Clinical Research, Department of Biosciences, School of Basic and Applied Sceinces, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Khalid Umer Khayyam Head, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, National Institute of TB and Respiratory Diseases, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi, India
Keywords: Underweight, Stunting, IAP classification, Gomez classification, Waterlow classification.

Abstract

Background: Weight is an important metric to measure protein energy status, and women from underdeveloped or developed nations who are heavier at pre-pregnancy deliver heavier babies.

Methods: This study was conducted in JJ Colony, Madanpur Khadar Extension of South Delhi and included 50 children each in two groups (between 24-35 months and 36-47 months of age), with equal number of both genders. Anthropometric measurements of weight and height were measured.

Results: Underweight in age 24-47 months: 51 (51%), 36 (36%), 11 (11%) and 2 (2%) children were found to be in the ranges of normal weight, Grade-I, Grade-II, and severely underweight, respectively by Indian Academy of Paediatrics or IAP classification. By Gomez classification, the same were estimated to be 28 (28%), 45 (45%), 25 (25%), and 2 (2%).

Stunting and wasting in age 24-47 months: 52 (52%), 11 (11%), 16 (16%), and 21 (21%) children were found to be normal, in Grade-I, Grade-II and in Grade-III stunting respectively in height for age, while 82 (82%), 13 (13%), 4 (4%), and 1 (1%) children  were found to be normal, in Grade-I, Grade-II and Grade-III wasting in weight for height respectively; using the Waterlow classification.

Conclusion: The most extensively used markers of nutritional quality in a population are anthropometric measures. In a total of 100 children, three types of assessments based on weight and height were done - weight for age to rule out underweight, height for age to rule out stunting and weight for height to rule out wasting.

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Published
2022-07-07
How to Cite
1.
Ahmad A, Muzammil S, Mohan K, Khayyam KU. Assessment for Nutritional Status Among Pre-School Children in South Delhi, India. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2022Jul.7 [cited 2022Nov.30];8(2):HP8-HP11. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/799
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ~ Human Physiology