Status of Immunization Coverage among Preschool Children in an Area of South Delhi, New Delhi, India

  • Anis Ahmad Department of Tahaffuzi-Wa-Samaji Tibb, Faculty of Medicine (Unani), Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
  • Sazina Muzammil Head, Dept. of Physiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, India
  • Krishna Mohan PhD Scholar, Division of Clinical Research, Department of Biosciences, School of Basic and Applied Sceinces, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Md. Aftab Alam Professor, Department of Pharmacy, School of Medical and Allied Sciences, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Khalid Umer Khayyam Head, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, National Institute of TB and Respiratory Diseases, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi, India
Keywords: Immunization coverage, Preschool children, Community survey

Abstract

Background: High levels of immunization coverage in children can ensure the control of vaccine-preventable diseases, and there are various factors that can affect preschool immunization. Studies that focus on vaccination coverage in various populations are crucial for identifying the vaccination status of a given community and for strategizing the national programs. This study assessed the vaccination coverage in preschool children living in a resettlement colony in an area of New Delhi.

Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in JJ Colony, Madanpur Khadar Extension of South Delhi, New Delhi between October 2008 to January 2009, in 100 preschool children between 24 – 47 months of age, with equal number in both genders. No significant association of the vaccination status with factors like gender of the children, educational, or socio-economic condition, was found in this study.

Results: Out of a total of 100 children studied, forty-four children (44%) were fully vaccinated, forty-nine children (49%) were partially immunised, and seven children (7%) were not vaccinated. Vaccines for diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DPT-I) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV-I) had the maximum coverage (92%) while DPT Booster and OPV Booster had the lowest (44%).

Conclusion: Future possibilities and potential for evaluating vaccination coverage should be explored in vulnerable areas like resettlement colonies, in migrant populations and in urban poor sections of society to get estimates on the gap in vaccination coverage in such areas.

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Published
2022-05-11
How to Cite
1.
Ahmad A, Muzammil S, Mohan K, Alam MA, Khayyam KU. Status of Immunization Coverage among Preschool Children in an Area of South Delhi, New Delhi, India. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2022May11 [cited 2022May25];8(1):HP1-HP4. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/787
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ~ Human Physiology