Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Agricultural Workers in a Known Area
Background: Farmers are vulnerable to a range of MSDs including osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, low back pain (LBP), upper limb disorders, and hand/arm vibration syndrome, as well as to the consequences of trauma such as sprains, fractures, and dislocations. The present study was conducted to assess prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among agricultural workers in a known area.
Methods: A community based cross sectional study was done for a period of 3 months. The study included agricultural workers aged more than 20 years and 390 agricultural workers were selected. A pretested, structured, interviewer administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Modified Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used for assessing the presence of musculoskeletal problem. The recorded data was compiled, and data analysis was done using SPSS Version 22.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA).
Results: Among the 390 agricultural workers participated in this study out of the which about 87.17% people (340) had musculoskeletal disorder. Based on the NORDIC questionnaire, of all the farm workers who suffered from musculoskeletal disorders, 25% people had low backache which was most common MSD reported followed by shoulder pain in 15.29% and elbow was the least affected site (5%).
Conclusion: The present study concluded that prevalence of MSD among agricultural workers was about 87.17%. Low backache was most common MSD reported.
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