Analysis of Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Pregnant Females in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing worldwide and more in developing countries including India. The increasing prevalence in developing countries is related to increasing urbanization, decreasing levels of physical activity, changes in dietary patterns and increasing prevalence of obesity. The present study was conducted to assess prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant females in a tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted to assess prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant females in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amaltas Institute of Medical Sciences, Dewas, Madhya Pradesh, India. Detailed history, physical examination and routine investigations were carried out. The screening was done by GTT in the patients with risk factors for GDM using 50gms of oral glucose. Gestational diabetes was diagnosed if two or more of following venous plasma values were met or exceeded. The recorded data was compiled, and data analysis was done using SPSS Version 20.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: In the present study a total of 540 randomly selected pregnant females who met the inclusion criteria were subjected to oral glucose challenge test. 20.37% women were found to have GDM and 79.62% women were Non-GDM. According to age group maximum prevalence of GDM was in the age group >30 yrs (49.09%).
Conclusion: The present study conclude that 20.37% women were found to have GDM and maximum prevalence of GDM was in the age group >30 yrs. This may be due to GDM shows a positive association with increasing maternal age.
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