Bacteriological Study of Post-Operative Wound Infections in IPD of Surgery in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital
Background: The postoperative wound infection varies from 1 to 9 percent, depending on the surgical procedure. Due to postoperative wound infection, the length of stay in hospital increases. It also increases the cost of the procedure and is associated with significant morbidity. Staphylococcus aureus is the causative agent in 15 to 20% of these infections, though the pathogen isolated differs according to the surgical site.
Methods: The population of study was 200. Among 200 cases 29 cases got bacterial infection. This study was conducted in Department of surgery and the patients were recruited on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: In this study we were included total 200 cases. We found that 78 cases of clean wound followed by clean contaminated 54, contaminated 38 & 30dirty wound. Prevalence of infection was 14.5%.
Conclusion: Post-operative wound infections are a serious medical problem that has to be tackled due to its increased morbidity, mortality and medical care costs. An active surveillance program is recommended.
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