A Prospective Study on Effectiveness of Non- invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation in Acute Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Roonak Jain Senior Resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Ratlam, M.P
  • Deepak Nagar Associate Professor and HoD, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Ratlam, M.P
Keywords: Positive Pressure Ventilation, COPD

Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. The chronic and progressive course of COPD is often punctuate by “exacerbations”, defined clinically as episodes of increasing respiratory symptoms, particularly dyspnoea, cough and sputum production, and increased sputum purulence. AIM: To study the effectiveness of non- invasive positive pressure ventilation in the management of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

 Methods: Our study included 63 patients of acute exacerbation of COPD admitted in the intensive care unit of Shri Aurobindo Medical College and Post Graduate Institute, Indore, India.

Results: The maximum numbers of patients (46.03%) were in the age group between 61 to 70 years. In our study, the overall success rate in patients given noninvasive ventilation along with standard therapy was higher (95.2%) compared to patients given standard therapy alone (60.3%).

Conclusions: This proves that non-invasive ventilatory support is an effective tool in the management of acute exacerbation of COPD.

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Published
2019-12-24
How to Cite
1.
Jain R, Nagar D. A Prospective Study on Effectiveness of Non- invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation in Acute Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease . Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2019Dec.24 [cited 2020Feb.20];5(4):PM1-PM3. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/538
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ~ Pulmonary Medicine