A Prospective Study on Incidence of Peripheral Vascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Akhlesh Kumar Srivastava Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Surgery, Krishna Mohan Medical College & Hospital, Mathura, U.P, India.
  • Rameshwar Dayal Goyal Assistant Professor, Dept. of General Surgery, Krishna Mohan Medical College & Hospital, Mathura, U.P, India.
Keywords: Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD), Diabetic Mellitus, Hypertensive & Normotensive


Background: Diabetes levies a heavy toll on the vascular system, with both macrovascular and microvascular complications. PAD is one of the major microvascular complications of Type 2 DM [2]. PAD is highly prevalent in diabetes. It has a predilection for lower limbs. It has been assumed that the metabolic abnormality in the prediabetic phase predisposes to more distal and aggressive atherosclerosis.

Methods: The duration of study was over a period of 6 month. Total 75 cases were included in this study with diabetic mellitus. This study was conducted in the Department of surgery in Krishna Mohan Medical College & Hospital, Mathura, U.P, India.

Result: In our study 75 cases with diabetic mellitus were included. Out of 75 cases 64% male & 36% were female. Predominant age was >75 year followed by other age groups. In this present study, 15 cases of hypertensive & 2 cases of PVD out of hypertensive were found.

Conclusion: This study suggested that incidence of PVD is about 10% in the present study. This has to be viewed seriously considering the huge diabetic population and due importance to be given for screening and prevention of PVD.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. Global prevalence of diabetes-estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 2004; 27:1047–53.
2. Kaveeshwar S, Cornwall J. The current state of diabetes mellitus in India. Australas Med J. 2014;7(1):45-48
3. Fowler M. Microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes. Clinical Diabetes. 2008;26(2):77-82.
4. Hadi H, Suwaidi J. Endothelial dysfunction in diabetes mellitus. Vascular Health and Risk Management. 2007;3(6):853-76.
5. McDermott MM, Greenland P, Liu K, Guralnik JM, Criqui MH, Dolan NC, et al. Leg symptoms in peripheral arterial disease. JAMA. 2001;286(13):1599.
6. Vogt M, Cauley J, Kuller L, Nevitt M. Functional status and mobility among elderly women with lower extremity arterial disease: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994;42(9):923-29.
7. American Diabetes Association. Peripheral arterial disease in people with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(12):3333-41.
8. McDermott M, Liu K, Greenland P, Guralnik J, Criqui M, Chan C, et al. Functional decline in peripheral arterial disease. JAMA. 2004;292(4):453-61.
9. Criqui M, Langer R, Fronek A, Feigelson H, Klauber M, McCann T, et al. Mortality over a period of 10 years in patients withperipheral arterial disease. N Engl J Med. 1992;326(6):381-86.
10. L. Norgren and W. R. Hiatt et al. TASC II Inter-Society Consensus on Peripheral Arterial Disease Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Vol 33, Supplement 1, 2007
11. Meijer WT et al, peripheral arterial disease in the elderly: the Rotterdam study. Arterio sclera thromb vasc biol. 1998; 18; 185-192.
12. Lu JT1, Creager MA. The relationship of cigarette smoking to peripheral arterial disease. Rev cardiovascular med 2004 Fall;5(4):189-93.
13. Mohan V, Premalatha G, Shastry NG. Peripheral vascular disease in noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus in South India; Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 27 (1995); 235-40.
14. Pendsey SP. Peripheral vascular disease. In Practical Management of Diabetes. Editor Pendsey SP, Jaypee Brothers, 1997; 26 :144 - 51.
15. Murabito JM et al. prevalence and clinical correlates of peripheral arterial disease in the Framingham offspring study Am. Heart J 2002; 143; 961-965.
16. Raman PC, Bhagwat A, Ankle Brachial Index in peripheral vascular disease in Diabetes Mellitus. JAPI, 1997; 45 : 6, 440 – 2.
How to Cite
Srivastava AK, Goyal RD. A Prospective Study on Incidence of Peripheral Vascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2019Jun.30 [cited 2019Dec.12];5(2):57-9. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/516