An Analytical Study on Visual Handicap in Patients Attending Ophthalmology OPD: A Hospital Based Study in Mathura

  • Mukesh Kumar Taneja Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ophthalmology, Krishna Mohan Medical College & Hospital, Mathura, U.P, India
  • Sonpal Jindal Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ophthalmology, Krishna Mohan Medical College & Hospital, Mathura, U.P, India
Keywords: Visual disability, Microcornea, Ophthalmology

Abstract

Background: India requires 40,000 optometrists, it has only 8,000. Besides this, we needs 2.5 lakh donated eyes every year, the country’s 109 eye banks manage to collect a maximum of just 25,000 eyes, out of which 30% can’t be used. It is reported that India has 12,000 ophthalmologists who have no time to conduct blindness-preventing surgeries as they are flooded with general eye check-up of patients.

Methods: This study conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology in the K M Medical College & Hospital, Mathura. The duration of study was over a period of one year

Result: In this study we revealed that the visually disabled retinitis pigmentosa accounted for (16%), congenital anomalies which included microcornea, microphthalmos, anophthalmos, and coloboma of eye (15.3%), refractive errors (11.6%),age related macular degeneration(10%), corneal opacity(9.6%), uveitis(8.6%), glaucoma(6.6%), optic atrophy(6%), lens(congenital cataract and complicated cataract) (5.3%), diabetic retinopathy(5%).

Conclusion: This study was revealed that there is no proper treatment available for the most common causes of blindness, only preventive measures can be undertaken.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Dandona R, Dandona L, Srinivas M, Giridhar P, Prasad MN,Vilas K, et al. Moderate visual impairment in India: The andhrapradesh Eye Disease Study. Br J Ophthalmol 2002;86:373-7.
2. Evaluation of Registered Visually Disabled Individuals in a District of West Bengal, India Sambuddha Ghosh, Subhalakshmi Mukhopadhyay, Krishnendu Sarkar, Manas Bandyopadhyay, Dipankar Maji,and Gautam Bhaduri.
3. Analysis of Visually Handicap Patients Attending Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Eye Care Hospital for Visual Handicap Certification in Central Rajasthan, India IOSR-JDMS - Volume 15, Issue 5 Ver. II (May. 2016), PP 36-39
4. Bunce C, Evans J, Fraser S, Wormald R. The BD8 certification of visually impaired people. Br J Ophthalmol 1998;82(1): 72-6.
5. Joshi RS. Causes of visual handicap amongst patients attending outpatient department of a medical college for visual handicap certification in central India. Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research- Jan-Apr 2013;1(1):17-9.
6. Herse P, Gothwal VK. Survey of visual impairment in an Indian tertiary eye hospital. Indian J Ophthalmol 1997;45:189-93.
7. Bunce C, Wormald R. Causes of blind certifications in England and Wales: April 1999- March 2000. Eye (Lond) 2008;22:905-11.
Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Taneja MK, Jindal S. An Analytical Study on Visual Handicap in Patients Attending Ophthalmology OPD: A Hospital Based Study in Mathura. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2019Jun.30 [cited 2019Dec.12];5(2):51-3. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/514
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ~ Ophthalmology