Role of Beta HCG and AFP in Prediction of Hypertensive Disorder in Pregnancy in Second Trimester- A Hospital Based Prospective Study
Background: Pre-eclampsia is an important cause of maternal and neonatal complication and death. If hypertension in pregnancy is diagnosed at an early age, we can provide an efficient care to mother for good outcome of pregnancy. The aim of this study to evaluated the role of B-HCG and AFP as predictors of HDP.
Methods: This prospective Investigation study was conducted on 100 pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jaipur. Estimation of serum β-HCG and AFP was done by ELISA technique. Then there finding were correlated with the value of serum β-HCG and AFP in second trimester to see whether there is any relation between levels of serum β- HCG and AFP in second trimester and development of HDP.
Results: ‘Out of 100 women, 5 i.e. 5% were <20 years of age, maximum i.e. 62 (62%) were in 21-25 years of age group, 25 (25%) were in 26-30 years of age group and 8 (8%) were in 31-35 years age of group. Significantly higher mean S. β-HCG (mIU/ml) was observed in HDP group i.e. 13450.5±3420.8 as compared to 7732±2024 in normotensive group and a test of full model was statistically significant indicating that the predictors reliably distinguish between HDP group and normotensive group (Chi square 55.328, df 4, p<.001).
Conclusion: We conclude from this study the measurement of serum β-HCG and AFP should be routinely done in second trimester of pregnancy, to predict the occurrence of HDP for better fetomaternal outcome.
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