Evaluation of Association of Anthropometric Indices Related to Obesity with Pulmonary Function Tests in Female Medical Students: An Institutional Based Study

  • Sonam Bansal MSc Medicine (Physiology) Student, Department of Physiology, Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
  • Manish Agarwal Resident, Department of Paediatrics, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
  • Piyush Gupta Resident, Department of Preventive & Social Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Kavita Yadav PhD Scholar, Department of Physiology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
  • Yogesh Yadav Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatrics, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Keywords: Female medical students, Obesity, Pulmonary function test

Abstract

Background: Obesity and body fat distribution are important predictors of coronary heart disease. Pulmonary function tests are usually carried out for assessing the functional impairments and to make diagnosis. Hence; we planned the present study to evaluation of association of anthropometric indices related to obesity with pulmonary function tests in female medical students. Methods: The present investigation included assessment of association of Anthropometric Indices Related to Obesity with Pulmonary Function Tests in Female Medical Students. Total of 150 female medical students were included in the present study. Measurement of the height, hip circumference, and weight of all the subjects was done.  Waist circumference was measured and value of equal to or less than 80 cm was considered as normal, while subjects with value of more than 80 cm were considered at high risk. In the sitting position by using the nose clips, spirometry was performed in all the subjects. The pulmonary parameters recorded included Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR), Forced Expiratory Flow {FEF (25-75%)}, Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), FEV1: FVC. Respiratory Rate (RR) was also noted.  Results: Mean FVC and FEV1 in the present study was found to be 2.5 and 2.3 respectively. Mean respiratory rate was found to be 15 per minute. We obtained significant correlation between difference anthropometric variables related to obesity and lung function tests in female medical studies. Conclusions: Significant correlation exists between difference anthropometric variables related to obesity and lung function tests in female medical students.

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References

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Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Bansal S, Agarwal M, Gupta P, Yadav K, Yadav Y. Evaluation of Association of Anthropometric Indices Related to Obesity with Pulmonary Function Tests in Female Medical Students: An Institutional Based Study. IABCR [Internet]. 30Sep.2018 [cited 18Oct.2018];4(3):90-2. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/414