Prevalence of Rheumatoid Arthritis patients in Adults: A Hospital Based Study
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by a symmetrical inflammation of the synovium, resulting in tenderness and destruction of bone and cartilage in various joints, particularly the smaller joints of the hands and feet. Although the cause of RA is unknown, autoimmunity plays a pivotal role in its chronicity and progression. RA affects approximately 1.0% of the general population, women more often than men, and the inflammatory burden of the disease results in functional disability. Methods: Forty patients were included in this study. The case control study was carried out in the Department of Orthopaedics, Geetanjali Medical college and Hospital, Udaipur. Duration of this study was six month. Results: In the present study, forty patients were included, out of which 15% male and 85% female. From the forty patients most of the people were belongs to 41-50 age group followed by 51-60 (27.5%) ,35-40 (25%) ,61-65(17.5%). Elevated ESR were in the 52.5% of group, rest of the people were normal. Same as in case of CRP positive found in the 52.5% & 47.5% were negative. Conclusion: The prevalence in RA group quite high as compared to general population.
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