A Study Determining the Extent of Weight Loss amongst Subjects Reporting to the Hospital for Closed Reduction

  • Kuldeep Pal M.D.S., Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon, Facecure Dental and Orofacial Clinic, Consultant Maxillofacial Surgeon At Sagarshree Hospital, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Keywords: Maxillofacial, Mandibular, Fracture

Abstract

Background: The basic and fundamental technique for managing cases of maxillofacial trauma is maxillomandibular fixation. The aim of the present study was to determine the amount of weight loss amongst subjects going for closed reduction for mandibular fracture.

Materials & Methods: The present prospective study enrolled 50 subjects reporting to the department with simple mandibular fractures(excluding condyle fractures). All the subjects between 25-50 years of age were included in the study. All the subjects were refrained from any kind of physical activity and could have only liquid diet. Body weight of the subjects was noted preoperatively, on 1st postoperative week, 2nd postoperative week, 3rd postoperative week and 4th postoperative week. All the data was arranged in a tabulated form and analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: The present study enrolled 50 subjects with the mean age of 37.29+/- 7.98 years. The mean postoperative weight at 1 week was 75.80+/-9.21 kilograms. The mean postoperative weight at 2 weeks was 74.97+/-8.23 kilograms. The mean postoperative weight at 3 weeks was 74.22+/-8.25 kilograms.

Conclusion: From the above study, we can conclude that there was a significant weight loss amongst the subjects during the follow up period.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Ochs MW, Tucker MR. Management of facial fractures. In: Hupp JR, Ellis E, Tucker MR, editors. Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 6th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 2014; p. 491-518.
2. Valiati R, Ibrahim D, Abreu Me, Heitz C, Oliveira Rb, Pagnon¬celli Rm, et al. The treatment of condylar fractures: to open or not to open? A critical review of this controversy. Int J Med Sci 2008; 5(6): 313-18.
3. Perry M, Booth PW. Principles of fracture management: Tim¬ing, reduction and choice of fixation. In: Booth PW, Schendel S, Hausamen JE, editors. Maxillofacial Surgery. 2nd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2007; p. 48-61.
4. Adeyemi MF, Adeyemo WL, Ogunlewe MO, Ladeinde AL. Is healing outcome of 2 weeks intermaxillary fixation different from that of 4 to 6 weeks intermaxillary fixation in the treatment of mandibular fractures? J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012 Aug; 70(8): 1896-902.
5. Jain S, Jain A, Palekar U, Shigli K, Pillai A, Pathak AD. Nu¬tritional considerations for patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery – A literature review. Ind J Dent. 2014; 5: 52-55.
6. Behbehani F, Al-Aryan H, Al-Attar A, Al-Hamad N. Perceived effectiveness and side effects of intermaxillary fixation for diet control. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006 Jul; 35(7): 618-23.
7. Kanno T, Sukegawa S, Tatsumi H, Nariai Y, Ishibashi H, Furuki Y, Sekine J. The retromandibular transparotid approach for re¬duction and rigid internal fixation using two locking miniplates in mandibular condylar neck fractures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014 Feb; 43(2): 177-84.
8. Thor A, Andersson L. Interdental wiring in jaw fractures: effects on teeth and surrounding. tissues after a one year follow up. Br J Oral MaxillofacSurg 2001; 39(5): 398-401.
9. Worall SF. Changes in weight and body composition after or¬thognathic surgery and jaw fractures: a comparison of miniplates and intermaxillary fixation. Br J Oral MaxillofacSurg 1994; 32(5): 289-92.
10. Choi KY, Yang JD, Chung HY, Cho BC. Current concepts in the Mandibular Condyle Fracture Management Part I: Overview of Condylar Fracture. Arch Plast Surg. 2012 Jul; 39(4): 291-300.
11. Goss AN. Management of patients with jaws wired for obesity. A review of 122 cases. Br Dent J 1979; 146(11): 335-39.
12. Champy M, Lodde JP, Schmitt R, Jaegar JH, Muster. Mandib¬ular osteosynthesis by miniature screwed plates via a buccal approach. J MaxillofacSurg 1978; 6(1): 14-21.
13. Blackburn GL. Effect of degree of weight loss on health benefits. Obes Res 1995; 3: 211-16.
14. Garrow JS, Gardiner GT. Maintenance of weight loss in obese patients after jaw wiring. Br Med J 1981; 282(6267): 858-60.
15. Cannell H. Enforced Intermaxillary Fixation (IMF) as a Treat¬ment of Obesity. Obes Surg. 1992 Aug; 2(3): 225-30.
Published
2018-06-29
How to Cite
1.
Pal K. A Study Determining the Extent of Weight Loss amongst Subjects Reporting to the Hospital for Closed Reduction. IABCR [Internet]. 29Jun.2018 [cited 20Aug.2018];4(2):41-3. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/336