Paediatric Urinary Tract Infection: Microbiologic Profile and Antibiotics Sensitivity in Children Presenting with UTI
Background: This study was designed to determine the microbiologic profile and Antibiotics Sensitivity in Children presenting with UTI.
Materials & Methods: This hospital based prospective study was conducted in 28 patients Patients from 2 months to 12 years were admitted to the pediatric ward and visited in outpatient department (OPD) with diagnosis of UTI based on history with routine and microscopic examination of urine were considered for this study. The UTI investigation protocol recommended ultrasound, voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), and DMSA scan. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the index infection, including highest measured temperature, highest C-reactive protein (CRP), bacterial findings, and the number of febrile recurrences, were recorded.
Results: Fever was the most common symptom accounting for 76.4% of patients with nausea and vomiting (42.8%), dysuria (53.6%), abdominal pain (57.1%) and anorexia (46.4%). Urine analysis was done in all suspected cases of UTI. Among all urine samples 60.7% had WBC >10/hpf, followed by 87 (28.6%) which had WBC between 6-10/hpf. Only 6 (10.7%) had WBC 5 or less. Among all urine analyses 68 (57.1%)
Conclusion: E. coli (82%) was the most common organism found followed by Klebsiella pneumonia (12%), Proteus mirabilis (5%)and 1% were other pathogens like Enterococcus species (Table 4, Fig 1). All isolated E. coli was sensitive to Imipenem, Nalidixic acid, Netilmicin and Vancomycin. E. coli were 80-90% sensitive to Amikacin, Ceftriaxone, Cefuroxime, Ofloxacin, Gentamicin and Nitrofurantoin.
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