Retrospective Analysis of Viral Diseases Infected Patients: An Hospital Based Observational Study
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are among the principal causes of severe liver disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis-related end-stage liver disease. The present study was conducted to assess the cases of viral infection among study population.
Materials & Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted on 82 patients. In all patients, blood samples were obtained. The samples were subjected to card test (J Mitra) for HBsAg, anti HCV antibodies and antibodies to HIV- 1. All the positive card tests were confirmed by ELISA.
Results: Out of 82 patients, males were 52 and females were 30. The difference was non- significant (P- 0.5). Common viral infections were HIV in 1 male, HBsAg in 34 males and 16 females and HCV in 17 males and 14 females. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common risk factors were tattoo (3), unsafe injections (3), blood product (22), unsafe sex (18), organ transplant (4) and piercing (5). The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Viral infection may spread through unsafe sex, unsafe injections, piercing and tattooing. Hepatitis B infection is quite common than HCV and HIV. Male predominance is observed as compared to females.
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