Assessment of Complications Associated with Otitis Media in Patients: A Hospital Based Study

  • G S Thalor Senior Specialist (MS) (department of Oto Rhino Laryngology), Govt. S.K. Hospital, Sikar, Rajasthan, India.
Keywords: Complications, Otitis Media, Pediatric


Background: Otitis media is defined as an infection of the middle ear fluid and is the second most common pediatric diagnosis in the emergency department following upper respiratory infections. Hence; we planned the present study to assess the pattern of complications Associated with Otitis Media.

Materials & Methods: The present study included evaluation of pattern of complications Associated with Otitis Media. Complete demoagrhic details of all the patients were obtained. A total of 30 cases were included in the present study. We also conducted and evaluated the results of audiological and radiological tests as well as culture and sensitivity tests. We classified the complications of otitis media in two categories; Extracranial (EC) and Intracranial (IC) complications. All the results were recorded and analyzed by SPSS software.

Results: A total of 30 patients of otitis media were included in the present study. Mean age of the patients of the present study was 42.5 years. Out of 30, 17 patients were males while the remaining were females. All the patients were divided into two broad groups on the basis of complications; intracranial complications and Extracranial complications. 12 patients exhibited EC complications while 18 patients showed presence of IC complications.

Conclusion: Subperiosteal abscess and brain abscess are the most commonly encountered complications in otitis media patients.



Download data is not yet available.


1. Patel JA, Nair S, Revai K, et al. . Association of proinflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to otitis media. Pediatrics. 2006;118(6):2273–2279.
2. Kvaerner KJ, Nafstad P, Hagen JA, Mair IW, Jaakkola JJ.. Recurrent acute otitis media: the significance of age at onset. Acta Otolaryngol. 1997;117(4):578–584.
3. Dubey SP, Larawin V. Complications of chronic suppurative otitis media and their management. Laryngoscope. 2007;117(2):264–267.
4. Teele DW, Klein JO, Rosner B. Epidemiology of otitis media during the first seven years of life in children in greater Boston: a prospective, cohort study. J Infect Dis. 1989;160(1):83–94.
5. Gates GA. Cost-effectiveness considerations in otitis media treatment. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996;114(4):525–530.
6. Chonmaitree T, Alvarez-Fernandez P, Jennings K, et al. . Symptomatic and asymptomatic respiratory viral infections in the first year of life: association with acute otitis media development. Clin Infect Dis. 2015;60(1):1–9.
7. Eskola J, Kilpi T, Palmu A, et al. ; Finnish Otitis Media Study Group .. Efficacy of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against acute otitis media. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(6):403–409.
8. Marom T, Tan A, Wilkinson GS, Pierson KS, Freeman JL, Chonmaitree T.. Trends in otitis media-related health care use in the United States, 2001–2011. JAMA Pediatr. 2014;168(1):68–75.
9. Penido Nde O1, Borin A, Iha LC, Suguri VM, Onishi E, Fukuda Y, Cruz OL. Intracranial complications of otitis media: 15 years of experience in 33 patients. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Jan;132(1):37-42.
10. Leskinen K1, Jero J. Acute complications of otitis media in adults. Clin Otolaryngol. 2005 Dec;30(6):511-6.
11. Mattos JL1, Colman KL1, Casselbrant ML1, Chi DH2. Intratemporal and intracranial complications of acute otitis media in a pediatric population. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Dec;78(12):2161-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.09.032. Epub 2014 Oct 6.
How to Cite
Thalor GS. Assessment of Complications Associated with Otitis Media in Patients: A Hospital Based Study. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2018Jun.29 [cited 2021Jun.16];4(2):14-6. Available from: