Acne Vulgaris and its Effect on Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study
Background: Acne vulgaris affects about 85% of adolescents, often extending into adulthood. Though considered to be merely a cosmetic problem, it is associated with considerable psychological impairment, such patients are prone to low self-esteem, low self-confidence and social dysfunction which may lead to anxiety, depression, obsessive compulsiveness and sometimes suicidal ideation.
AIM: This study was aimed to assess the impact of acne and its sequelae on the quality of life. Methods: The current cross sectional study was conducted in Patients diagnosed as acne vulgaris attending OPD of HIMSR in department of dermatology for a period of 6 months. Patients aged 15 years and above were included in our study. A detailed history was taken after obtaining consent from all the participants of study. Dermatology life quality index (DLQI) was administered on patients to determine the impact of acne vulgaris on their quality of life (QOL).
Results: This study included 200 patients with females being more in number 130 (65%) as compared to male patients which were 70 in number (35%). The mean age was 20.49 with majority of patients being in 15-20 years of age group. Mean DLQI score was 8.22, statistically influenced by the age of the patient, duration and grade of acne, acne scar, and post acne hyperpigmentation.
Conclusions: This study showed significant impairment of quality of life in acne patients. Counseling along with early treatment of acne vulgaris both are important as to reduce disease-related psychosocial sequelae and enhancing the efficacy of treatment.
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