Ultrasonographic Study on Size and Echotexture of Spleen in Normal and Diseased Adult Population in Kosi Region of Bihar
Background: The spleen is the largest organ in the reticuloendothelial system. A number of disorders are accompanied by altered spleen size, including infective, infestation, infiltrative, immunologic, and malignant conditions. Ultrasonography affords a useful noninvasive role in evaluating the spleen and used for best advantage, it can demonstrate the existence and composition of splenic masses, disruption of splenic texture or outline, progressive changes in masses and the size of the spleen.
Materials & Methods: 166 subjects were selected from the Departments of Medicine, Surgery and Radiology, from a tertiary care teaching hospital and from the other clinics of Kosi region like Purnea, Araria and Madhepura districts during the period of June 2016 to May 2017.
Results: The splenic length decreased at a slow rate up to the age of 50 years after which it decreased rapidly in both sexes. The splenic length was greater in males than in female in each age group. Mean splenic width in the first age group i.e. 21 30 years was 60.9 ± 8.4 mm, in the second age group i.e. 31 - 40 years was 56.4 ± 7.9 mm, in the third age group i.e. 41 – 50 years was 46.6 ± 4.3 mm, and in the fourth age group i.e. 51 – 60 years was observed to be 44.6 ± 8.0 mm.
Conclusion: The ultrasonography affords a useful noninvasive role in evaluating the spleen, it can demonstrate existence and composition of splenic masses, disruption of splenic texture or outline; and also progressive changes in masses and size of spleen.
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