Perinatal and Maternal Outcome in Pregnant Women with Polyhydramnios: A Hospital Based Study
Background: Polyhydramnios is the term for abnormal increase in the amniotic fluid. It has been shown that AFI is quite reliable in determining normal or elevated volumes. The aim of this study to evaluated the perinatal and maternal outcome in pregnant women with polyhydramnios.
Material & Methods: This analytical study was conducted on 300 unselected pregnancies attending in Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Bhilwara, Rajasthan. Most of the cases of polyhydramnios were admitted in the hospital till they delivered, other patients were followed up as outpatient and they were admitted to the hospital for delivery. Pregnancy outcome were recorded for the patients who were classified as having an excess amount of amniotic fluid.
Results: In our study showed that out 0f 300 patients, 168 (56%) were in the age group of 21-25 yrs, 62.3% cases were multigravida in our study. In our study 73% of the cases were delivered vaginally. Out of which 15% were induced and 58% were delivered spontaneously. 27% of the cases were delivered by LSCS, out of which 16% were emergency LSCS and 11% were elective LSCS. In our study there were many perinatal complications. Out of them preterm birth was the most common complication.
Conclusion: The conclusion of this prospective study was occurrence of polyhydramnios is directly related to advanced maternal age with multigravida. Caesarean section as a mode of delivery was found to be higher in cases of polyhydramnios.
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