Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Geriatric Patients

  • Keshavamurthy Ganapathy Bhat Senior Adviser Medicine and cardiologist, Air Force Central Medical Establishment, New Delhi
  • Manvinder Pal Singh Marwaha Classified specialist Aerospace Medicine, Air Force Central Medical Establishment, New Delhi
  • Bhupinder Kaur Anand Professor Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical University, Gurugram
  • Sapna Jaiswal Tutor, Department of Biochemistry, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
  • Shalini Ray Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical University, Gurugram
  • Anil Redhu PG Resident, Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical University, Gurugram
Keywords: Geriatric patients, vitamin D, deficiency, Prevalence

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is recognized as a global public health problem. In India Vitamin D Deficiency is prevalent, a finding that is unexpected in a tropical country with abundant sunshine. This study evaluated prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among geriatric patients.Methods: The present study was a hospitalized based cross sectional study conducted among geriatric patients attending the ortho. OPD of CIMS, Lucknow. Those elderly (>60 yrs) consenting to participate were including in this study .Patients who were on vitamin D3 & calcium supply (6 month) were excluded. Results: In this study we have taken 200 sample size. Geriatric patients who were not on vitamin D and calcium supplements for last 6 months were included for the study. Out of 200 participants, only 27(13.5%) participants had normal vitamin D levels and 173 (86.5%) study participants had low vitamin D levels among them 112 (56%) participants had vitamin D deficiency, 61(30.5%) participants had vitamin D insufficiency. Conclusions: Present study confirmed that Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem among geriatric age group.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Dawson-Hughes, B., Heaney, R.P., Holick, M.F. et al. (2005) Estimates of optimal vitamin D status. Osteoporosis International, 16,713–716.
2. Mithal, A., Wahl, D.A., Bonjour, J.P. et al. (2009) Global vitamin D status and determinants of hypovitaminosis D. Osteoporosis International, 20, 1807–1820.
3. Holick, M.F., Binkley, N.C., Bischoff-Ferrari, H.A. et al. (2011) Evaluation,
treatment and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 96, 1911–1930.
4. Lips, P. (2001) Vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism in the elderly: consequences for bone loss and fractures and therapeutic implications. Endocrine Reviews, 22, 477–501.
5. Priemel, M., von Domarus, C., Klatte, T.O. et al. (2010) Bone mineralization defects and vitamin D deficiency: histomorphometric analysis of iliac crest bone biopsies and circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D in 675 patients. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 25, 305–312.
6. Holick MF, 2007 Vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med, 357; 266-281.
7. DeLuca HF, 2004 Overview of general physiologic features and functions of vitamin D. Am J ClinNutr, 80; 1689S-1696S.
8. Al-Othman A, Al-Musharaf S, Al-Daghri NM and Krishnaswamy S, 2012. Effect of physical activity and sun exposure on vitamin D status of Saudi children and adolescents, BMC Pediatrics.
9. Urvashi Mehlawat, Priyanka Singh, Shubhra Pande. Current status of Vitamin-D deficiency in India Innovations in Pharmaceuticals and Pharmacotherapy IPP, Vol 2 (2), 328-335, 2014.
10. Michael F. Holick, PhD, MD. The Vitamin D Deficiency Pandemic: a Forgotten Hormone Important for Health Public Health Reviews, Vol. 32, No 1, 267-283.
11. Ritu G. Vitamin D Deficiency in India: Prevalence, Causalities and Interventions Nutrients2014, 6, 729-775; doi:10.3390/nu6020729
12. Londhey V, 2011 Vitamin D Deficiency: Indian Scenario. Assoc Physicians India, 59; 695-96
13. Pettifor JM (2004) Nutritional rickets: deficiency of vitamin D, Calcium, or both? Am J ClinNutr 80:1725S–1729S.
14. Awumey EM, Mitra DA, Hollis BW, et al. Vitamin D metabolism is altered in Asian Indians in the southern United States: a clinical research center study. J ClinEndocrinolMetab1998;83:169-173.
15. RK Marwaha. Vitamin D Status in Healthy Indians Aged 50 Year and Above© JAPI November 2011 VO L. 59
16. Muley A, Iyer U. Vitamin D status of adult population aged 30-60 years in Vadodara city-A cross sectional study. 2014;04(30):34–9.
17. Lapid MI, Cha SS, Takahashi PY. Vitamin D and depression in geriatric primary care patients. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:509–14.
18. Zargar AH, Ahmad S, Masoodi SR, Wani AI, Bashir MI, Laway BA, et al. Vitamin D status in apparently healthy adults in Kashmir Valley of Indian subcontinent. 2007;713–6.
19. Baig JA, Sheikh SA, Islam I, Kumar M. Vitamin D status among vegetarians and non-vegetarians. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2013;25(1-2):152–5.
20. Jasim A, Mohamed A. The Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among College Females at Qatar University (Pilot study). :1–36.Qatar study
21. Siddique SA. Frequency of Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients of Low Backache. 2011;7(4):208–12.
Published
2018-03-20
How to Cite
1.
Bhat K, Marwaha MP, Anand B, Jaiswal S, Ray S, Redhu A. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Geriatric Patients. International Archives of BioMedical and Clinical Research [Internet]. 20Mar.2018 [cited 26Apr.2018];4(1):27-9. Available from: https://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/258