A Comparative Study between Intranasal Midazolam and Intravenous Midazolam In Control Of Seizure In Children
Introduction: Seizures are one of the important reasons for children visiting the hospital. Febrile seizures are the most common type of seizures found in childhood. Earlier Diazepam was widely used for treating all types of seizures but due to short duration of action, newer drugs were tried and found better than diazepam.
Aims: To compare midazolam given intranasally with midazolam given intravenously for the treatment of febrile seizures in children.
Methods: This prospective study was conducted in children suffering from seizures at the Paediatric Emergency Department of Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical over a period of 12 months. 84 children between the ages of one months to fourteen years with febrile seizures lasting for at least 10 minutes were eligible for inclusion in our study. Treatment was considered successful if the seizure ceased within one hundred twenty seconds
Results: In group A out of 44 patients, 20(45.5%) patients were responded to Intranasal Midazolam, whereas in group B 40 patients who were treated with IV Midazolam as first line treatment, 36 patients (90%) had responded to it. Time recorded for the commencement was more in IV Midazolam group (1.598 min) than IN Midazolam group (0.379 min), but average response time was lesser in group B (1.009 min) than group A (3.001 min).
Conclusion: Midazolam given intranasally is a safe and effective treatment for prolonged febrile seizures in children and may be used in general practice and, with appropriate instructions, by the parents of children with recurrent febrile seizures at home.
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