Prevalence and pattern of Hypothyroidism in patients attending the Outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital.
Introduction: Among the endocrine disorders, Hypothyroidism is now believed to be the worldwide problem next to Diabetes.
Aims: This study was carried out to ascertain the prevalence and pattern of Hypothyroidism.
Methods: This prospective, epidemiological study was conducted in patients aged ≥20 years suspicion of thyroid disorders at a tertiary care teaching hospital from Jan 2012 to Dec 2013 in Bhuj, Gujrat. Thyroid abnormalities were diagnosed on the basis of laboratory results (serum FT3, FT4 and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone [TSH]).
Results: Out of 425 patients enrolled in our study, only 345 patients completed left. Out of the 345 analysable subjects, Female [n=217 (62.89%)] predominance is seen. Around n=72 cases were confirmed having thyroid abnormalities, Out of n=72 cases, only n=32 (9.27%) participants were found to have Hypothyroidism, Subclinical hypothyroidism was detected in n=28(8.11%) cases. Only n=12 (3.47%) cases had signs and symptoms of Clinical hyperthyroidism.
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypothyroidism was high, affecting approximately 9.27% study population. Hypothyroidism is found to have close association with Female gender and older age. Iodine intake ceases to be the sole etiological contender for thyroid disorders in urban areas.
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