Eye Donation’ in Medical Students’ Perspective
Aims: To compare the level of awareness and willingness of eye donation between first and last year medical students of Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: A total of 1010 medical students were selected from 4 different medical universities of Karachi through random sampling of which 524 (52%) were first year students and 486 (48%) were final year students. Cross sectional study design was conducted to access their perception towards eye donation. For this a self-administered semi structured questionnaire was used which covered individual’s awareness, willingness, source of information and compelling factors for eye donation. Results: 522 out of 524 first year (99.6 %) and 486 out of 486 final year (100%) medical students were well aware of eye donation. Willingness to donate eyes after death was seen in only 151/524 (28.8 %) first year students and 217/486 (44.6%) last year students. Most common source of information for first year students regarding eye donation was through mass media, TV and radio 320/524 (61%) however for the last year students it was through exposure in hospitals and information by medical specialist 311/486 (64%). Lastly humanitarian grounds was considered most common promoting factor for eye donation by both first (368/524 (70.2%)) and last (359/486 (73.8%)) year students. Conclusion: Awareness of eye donation was found high among both year of students despite this fact very less number of students were willing to donate eyes. This reflects that having awareness of eye donation isn’t enough thus measures should be taken to promote students to donate eyes by encouraging them to help the needy, inciting them with religious benefits and clearing any misconceptions about religion and ethical issues in this regard.
2. Hiratsuka, Y., Ono, K., & Kanai, A. (2001). [The present state of blindness in the world]. Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi, 105(6), 369-373.
3. Congdon, N. G., Friedman, D. S., & Lietman, T. (2003). Important causes of visual impairment in the world today. Jama, 290(15), 2057-2060.
4. Singh, M. M., Rahi, M., Pagare, D., & Ingle, G. K. (2007). Medical students' perception on eye donation in Delhi. Indian journal of ophthalmology, 55(1), 49.
5. Jadoon, M. Z., Dineen, B., Bourne, R. R., Shah, S. P., Khan, M. A., Johnson, G. J., ... & Khan, M. D. (2006). Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey.Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 47(11), 4749-4755.
6. Bhandary, S., Khanna, R., Rao, K. A., Rao, L. G., Lingam, K. D., & Binu, V. (2011). Eye donation–Awareness and willingness among attendants of patients at various clinics in Melaka, Malaysia. Indian journal of ophthalmology, 59(1), 41.
7. Krishnaiah, S., Kovai, V., Nutheti, R., Shamanna, B. R., Thomas, R., & Rao, G. N. (2004). Awareness of eye donation in the rural population of India. Indian journal of ophthalmology, 52(1), 73.
8. Kl-IODADOUST, A. L. I. A. (2009). The allograft rejection reaction: the leading cause of late failure of clinical corneal grafts. Corneal graft failure, 151.
9. Singh, M., Bhardwaj, A., Ahluwalia, S. K., Saini, S., & Qadri, S. (2012). Eye Donation: Perception and promoting factors among medical students. Indian Journal of Community Health, 24(3), 175-178.
10. Oliver, M., Woywodt, A., Ahmed, A., & Saif, I. (2010). Organ donation, transplantation and religion. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, gfq628.
11. Bruzzone, P. (2008, May). Religious aspects of organ transplantation. InTransplantation proceedings (Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 1064-1067). Elsevier.
12. Gupta, A., Jain, S., Jain, T., & Gupta, K. (2009). Awareness and perception regarding eye donation in students of a nursing college in Bangalore. Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 34(2), 122.
13. Priyadarshini, B., Srinivasan, M., Padmavathi, A., Selvam, S., Saradha, R., & Nirmalan, P. K. (2003). Awareness of eye donation in an adult population of southern India. A pilot study. Indian journal of ophthalmology, 51(1), 101.
14. Ashraf, O., Ali, S., Li, S. A., Ali, H., Alam, M., Ali, A., & Ali, T. M. (2005). Attitude toward organ donation: a survey in Pakistan. Artificial organs, 29(11), 899-905.
15. Bharti, M. K., Reddy, S. C., Tajunisah, I., & Ali, N. A. (2009). Awareness and knowledge on eye donation among university students. Med J Malaysia, 64(1), 41-5.
16. Biswas, J., Bandyopadhyay, S., Das, D., Mondal, K. K., Saha, I., & Ray, B. (2012). A study on awareness about eye health care and eye donation among secondary level students of North Kolkata, India. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 8(3), 317-320.
17. Kokab, S., & Kokab, S. ‘Eye donation awareness’among paramedical staff of different hospitals in raichur district: a survey.
Copyright (c) 2016 International Archives of BioMedical and Clinical Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.