Study and Analysis of Cervical PAP Smears in Our Hospital

Authors

  • Akash C Chhabra Associate Professor in Pathology. Zydus Medical College, Dahod, Gujrat. Author
  • Atul Mujumdar Associate Professor in Pathology, Zydus Medical College, Dahod, Gujrat. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21276/abmgv609

Keywords:

Pap smear, HSIL – High grade intra epithelial lesion, LSIL – Low grade intraepithelial lesion, ASCUS – Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, Squamous cells carcinoma, Malignant smears.

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is one of the major cause of mortality among women worldwide. So, the present research aimed to study and analyze 242 pap smear reports from women presenting with various Gynecological indications.

Methods: Study is carried out by taking 242 Papsmears from patients attending Gynaecology OPD at Dahod District Hospital under Zydus Medical College, Dahod, Gujrat from January 2019 to February 2020. Pap smears were taken from patients between ages 25 to 70 years presenting with different gynecological complaints and as a routine beyond the age of 45 years using Ayres Spatula. Smears were reported as per the 2001 Bethesda system.

Results: Of the 242 Pap smears taken 134 smears were inflammatory. Fifteen smears showed low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 13 smears showed mild to moderate dysplasia, 12 smears showed high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). Among routine Pap smears 8 were negative for malignancy, 2 smears showed squamous cell carcinoma after radiotherapy for carcinoma cervix.

Conclusions: Pap smear is easy and economical screening method to detect premalignant and malignant lesions of cervix which help in proper treatment.

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Published

16.03.2024

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Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES ~ Pathology

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