A Prospective Observational Study on Maternal and Fetal Outcome in Eclampsia in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Background: To study maternal outcome in eclampsia in relation to respiratory complications, fever, DIC, renal system affection and electrolyte imbalance. (2) To study the fetal outcome in eclampsia in relation to small for gestational age, intrauterine death, neonatal mortality, perinatal mortality and need for NICU admission. Methods: It was a cross-sectional prospective study conducted at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Department of Gynaecology, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India. All patients admitted with eclampsia was enrolled for the study as per the criteria given. It was a a cross-sectional prospective study conducted on women admitted with eclampsia after the gestational age of 20 weeks and presented with convulsions. The outcome in relation to maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality was studied on the basis of various complications and defined parameters. Results: A total of 50 patients were enrolled in the study. The most common age group of patients who had eclampsia after 20 weeks of gestation belonged to age group of 31-35 years followed by 26-30 years and the least common age group was between 41- 45 years of age. The mean age was found to be 28.23 years. The most common indication of LSCS in patients with eclampsia was fetal distress followed by Unfavourable cervix, failure of induction and contracted pelvis. The most common complications seen in patients with eclampsia included Respiratory complications like aspiration pneumonia, pleural effusion and pulmonary edema. Conclusions: Less ANC visits were associated with more threat and complications. Eclampsia was found to be associated with preterm delivery. Increase in convulsion to delivery interval lead to increase severity of complications.
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