Prevalence of Knee Osteoarthritis among Elderly Patients Attending Orthopaedics Department: A Hospital Based Study
Background: OA (Osteoarthritis) knee incidence is rising by increasing average age of general population. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease found in old aged population. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the prevalence and risk factors for knee osteoarthritis in elderly men and women. Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics, Varun Arjun Medical College, Banthra, Shahjahanpur, U.P, India from February 2016 to July 2016. On the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 125 patients were randomly selected from OPD and IPD of Hospital. The interview was structured as follows. Data was recorded on a standardized predesigned and a pre-tested questionnaire. Questionnaire focused on Socio-demographic profile and assessment of possible risk factors (age, family history, obesity, physical activity, and occupational knee bending and knee injury). Measurements like height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were recorded. Results: A complete interview was possible in 102 subjects (58.62% response rate). Participation was poorer among men and there was a slightly higher prevalence of radiographic changes of OA in women than in men. However, there was a significantly higher proportion of women with symptomatic disease (14% of all women versus 9% of all men; P = 0.003). Conclusions: : In our study, we observed that there is association between age, sex and BMI with OA. The incidence of OA increased as the age advances; hence it is likely that if preventive measures can be taken in the earlier age groups OA can be prevented.
2. Symmons D, Mathers C, Pfleger B; Draft Global Burden of Disease 2000. Available from http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/bod_osteoarthritis.pdf
3. Heidari B; Knee osteoarthritis prevalence, risk factors, pathogenesis and features: Part I. Caspian J Intern Med., 2011; 2(2): 205-212.
4. Ratzlaff CR; Lifetime Physical Activity and Osteoarthritis. Phd Thesis, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, 2011.
5. Zhang Y, Jordan JM; Epidemiology of Osteoarthritis. Clin Geriatr Med., 2010; 26(3):355-369.
6. Patil PS, Dixit UR, Shettar CM; Risk factors of Osteoarthritis Knee-A Cross-sectional study. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 2012; 2(5): 8-10.
7. Altman R, Asch E, Bloch D, Bole G, Borenstein D, Brandt K. et al.; Development of criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis: classification of osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Rheum., 1986;29(8):1039-1049.
8. Brooks P, Hochberg M, for ILAR, OMERACT Outcome measures and classification criteria for the rheumatic diseases. A compilation of data from OMERACT (Outcome Measures for Arthritis Clinical Trials), ILAR (International League of Associations for Rheumatology), regional leagues and other groups. Rheumatology 2001;40 (8): 896-906.
9. Fernandez-Lopez JC, Laffon A, Blanco FJ, Carmona L, the EPISER Study Group; Prevalence, risk factors, and impact of knee pain suggesting osteoarthritis in Spain. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 2008; 26:324-332.
10. Sharma MK, Swami HM, Bhatia V; An epidemiological study of correlates of osteoarthritis in geriatric population of UT Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med., 2007; 32: 1-3.
Copyright (c) 2017 International Archives of BioMedical and Clinical Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.