Review of Antiviral Activities Present in some Indian Medicinal Plants – Can they be used against SARS-CoV-2?

  • Ahmad Najmi Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Danish Javed Department of AYUSH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Avik Ray Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Balakrishnan Sadasivam Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Keywords: Indian medicinal plants, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, infectious disease, antiviral


COVID-19 has quickly emerged as a global concern, affecting the lives of millions across the globe. It has got a different impact in different nations based on their cultural norms, mitigation strategies and healthcare architecture. In India, quite a vast majority depends on traditional Indian medicine for treatment of human illnesses due to low-cost, easier availability favorable side-effect profile. These medicines are made from herbal plants. Researchers have identified various properties of plant materials such as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-cancerous and many more. Novels antiviral may be developed from these resources. The present study reviews the antiviral properties of ten Indian medicinal plants, namely Ailanthus excelsa, Alstonia scholaris, Nigella sativa, Adhatoda vasica, Albizia lebbeck, Andrographis paniculate, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Moringa oleifera, Ocimum basilicum and Tinospora cordifolia. Probable therapeutic roles of these plants against SARS-CoV-2 should also be explored.



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How to Cite
Najmi A, Javed D, Ray A, Sadasivam B. Review of Antiviral Activities Present in some Indian Medicinal Plants – Can they be used against SARS-CoV-2?. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2020Dec.30 [cited 2021Jan.26];6(4):RA1-RA5. Available from:
REVIEW ARTICLES ~ Pharmacology