A Study on Prevalence of Anemia in Paediatric Cases in Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Supriya A Patil Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum
Keywords: Anemia, Hemoglobin, microcytic hypochromic


Background: Anemia is the most common hematological finding observed and reported by pediatricians and general practitioners in pediatric age group. Highest prevalence of anemia is reported in the developing countries. In India, it affects both sexes and all age groups.1.  As per the Global Anemia Prevalence, the most affected groups are pregnant females (69%) and school age children (33%).2 Since years, it has been an important challenge in most of the tropical countries.

Methods: In this study we were included 375 total school going children to find out the anemia. This study was conducted in Department of Pediatrics. The duration of study was over a period of one year.

Results: This result revealed that Anemia is still a major health problem in our country. Childhood anaemia still continues to be a significant public health problem in school children between 6-12 years.

Conclusions: This study concludes that, deworming was recommended as a routine for at risk and diagnosed individuals.




Download data is not yet available.


1. Crawley J. Reducing the burden of anemia in infants and young children in malaria-endemic countriesof Africa: from evidence to action. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004; 71: 25±34. PMID: 15331816
2. World Health Organization (WHO). Assessing the iron status of populations. Including literature
reviews. Joint World Health Organization/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Technical Consultation on the Assessment of Iron Status at the Population Level. [Internet]. Geneva, Switzerland.;2007.http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75368/1/9789241596107_eng.pdf?ua=1
3. Balarajan Y, Ramakrishnan U,OÈ zaltin E, Shankar AH, Subramanian S. Anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries. The Lancet. 2012; 378: 2123±2135.
4. Schellenberg D, Schellenberg J, Mushi A, Savigny D de, Mgalula L, Mbuya C, et al. The silent burden of anaemia in Tanzanian children: a community-based study. Bull World Health Organ. 2003; 81: 581±590. PMID: 14576890
5. Latham, MC. Human Nutrition in the Developing World. Food and Nutrition Series No. 29. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation 1997; 147-155.
6. Worldwide prevalence of anemia 1993-2005 WHO global Database on anemia; results and discussion:7 Retrieved from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/ publications/2008/9789241596657_eng.pdf
7. Burman D. Iron requirements in infancy. Br J Hematology 1971;20:243.
8. DeMaeyer, E.M., P. Dallman, J.M. Gurney, L. Hallberg et al. Preventing and controlling iron deficiency anemia through primary health care: A guide for health administrators and programme managers. Geneva: World Health Organization 1989.
9. Malothra AK, Srivastava RN. A study of impact of socio economic statuson hemoglobin levels of rural school children of district Wardha. Indian J Prey Soc Med 1982; 13: 95-99.
10. Chriton RW, Bothwell TH. Iron Deficiency; Prevalence and Prevention. Clinical Hematology 1982;11: 309-311.
11. Verma M, Chhatwal J, Kaur G. Prevalence of anaemia among urban school children of Punjab. In Pediatrics 1998; 35: 1181-6.
12. Sudhagandhi B, Sundaresan S, William WE, Prema A, International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases 2011; 1:184-8
13. Worldwide prevalence of anaemia 1993–2005: WHO global database on anaemia / Edited by Bruno de Benoist, Erin McLean, Ines Egli and Mary Cogswell. 1.Anemia – prevention and control. 2.Anemia – epidemiology. 3.Prevalence. I.World Health Organization. ISBN 978 92 4 159665 7

How to Cite
Patil SA. A Study on Prevalence of Anemia in Paediatric Cases in Tertiary Care Hospital. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2020Dec.30 [cited 2021Jan.26];6(4):PD1-PD3. Available from: http://iabcr.org/index.php/iabcr/article/view/636