A Prospective Study on Incidence of Metabolic Syndrome in Patients of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Background: A patient with OCD may have an obsession or compulsion both. OCD is prevalent in general population at 2-3%. Some studies have found it to be 10%. OCD patients are generally affected by other mental disorders also.
Methods: Total 164 cases were included in this study. This study was conducted in Department of Psychiatry. The duration of study was over a period of one year.
Results: In conclusion, the present study revealed that 54 of the OCD patients have MS. Whereas in the prevalence of different component of metabolic syndrome, low HDL-C was the most frequent criterion met (73.5%), followed by increased WC (53.6%). High blood pressure, high FBS and hypertriglyceridemia were found in 45.1%, 21.9% and 19.5% of the sample, respectively.
Conclusions: Mean score for measuring the severity of OCD found to be more in patients having MS in comparison to patients having no MS (p=0.001). This study found a prevalence of MS in accordance with other studies.
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