Knowledge, Perception and Beliefs Regarding Androgenic alopecia among Young Adults in Karachi, Pakistan
Background: Our study aims to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding Male Pattern Baldness among young adults in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted, using a self-administered questionnaire, finalized after a pilot study and after reviewing several articles on the topic. A random population of 673 young adult men, more than our target of 664, calculated through openepi.com with 99% confidence, from Karachi were involved. Convenient sampling technique was used. The participants were enquired regarding their general knowledge regarding MPB, the impact of male pattern baldness on psychosocial health and self-esteem of an individual, and their practices.
Results: Out of the 673 participants, there were 299 (44.45%) participants between the ages of 17-21 and 374 (55.5%) between the ages of 22-26. There was a slight gap of knowledge between the age groups. A majority of individuals [545 (80.9%)] from our study had heard of male pattern baldness before. More than half of the participants thought that people with MPB are considered unattractive [346 (51.4%)] and majority, 482 (71.6%) people thought that MPB causes depression and anxiety. A larger portion of the people that took part (71.9%) reported that they suffer from hair-fall problems. A majority of people [575 (85.4%)] felt that there is need for more awareness programs in Pakistan.
Conclusions: Majority of the partakers generally had poor knowledge regarding causes of MPB, affected age groups and the role of genetics. However, they recognized its negative impact on social, emotional and psychological health. More researches are needed to be conducted in Karachi on MPB.
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