Hospital Acquired Infection (HAI) in relation to the Age, Gender and Educational Level of the Patient
Background: The term [Nosocomial or Hospital Acquired Infection (HAI)] refers to infections acquired by the patient during his or her stay in the hospital, in which s/he was not infected before entering the hospital, and whose symptoms appear only 72 hours or more after entering the hospital. Hospital acquired infections has been a major concern in recent years due to its rapid spread in hospitals and the difficulty of controlling it. They are widespread because hospitals are depositories contain many microorganisms such as microbes, some of which may be pathogenic and others opportunistic. The hospital environment as well as patient’s age, gender and the educational level plays an important role in hospital acquired infections.
Methods: A total of 140 samples were collected over a period of one year from patients admitted in the hospital for three days or more in order to identify the most common bacterial isolates within the infections acquired from hospital and its relation to the age, gender and educational level of the patient. The samples included 75 urine samples, 28 stool samples, 28 wound swabs, and 9 sputum samples.
Results: The percentage of HAI was (45.7%), where the highest percentage were among UTIs (50.7%) from the total of 75 samples, followed by wound infections (42.9%) from the total of 28 samples, gastrointestinal infections (39.3%) from the total of 28 samples, and pneumonic infections (33.3%) from the total of 9 samples.
Conclusions: This study concludes that patient’s age, gender and educational level plays an important role in hospital acquired infection.
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