A Prospective Study on Hypertension with Reference to Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors in Age Group of 30-50 years
Background: High blood pressure is a main risk factor for chronic heart disease, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Apart from coronary heart disease and stroke, its complications include heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, renal impairment, retinal hemorrhage, and visual impairment. Methods: In this study 147 total number of cases were included. This study was conducted in the Department of Medicine in a tertiary care centre. Results: In our study, we were included 147 cases. Among all cases we found that 28 cases were hypertensive. In our study, 40 were male in which 10 cases was hypertensive & 107 were female out of which 18 cases was hypertensive. Higher rate of hypertensive showed by 46-50 age group which was 11 cases followed by among all age groups of cases.
Conclusions: It observed that factors such as age, sex, per capita per month income, type of family are associated with hypertension whereas education and religion showed no association with the hypertension.
2. A. Ahmed, M. Rahman, R. Hasan et al., “Hypertension and associated risk factors in some selected rural areas of Bangladesh,” International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 925, 2014.
3. C. P. Mishra and S. Kumar, “Risk factors of hypertension in a rural area of Varanasi,” Indian Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 101–111, 2011.
4. S. M. Abebe, Y. Berhane, A. Worku, and A. Getachew, “Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension: a cross-sectional community-based study in Northwest Ethiopia,” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 4, Article ID e0125210, 2015.
5. S. Mendis, “Global status report on non-communicable diseases 2010,” Tech. Rep., World Health Organisation, 2010, http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd report2010/en/.
6. Lloyd-Sherlock P, Beard J, Minicuci N, Ebrahim S, Chatterji S. Hypertension among older adults in low- and middle-income countries: prevalence, awareness and control. Int J Epidemiol. 2014;43(1):116–28.
7. World Health Organization. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.
8. Addo J, Smeeth L, Leon DA. Hypertension in sub-saharan Africa: a systematic review. Hypertension. 2007;50(6):1012–8.
9. World Health Organization. A global brief on hypertension: silent killer, global public health crisis: World Health Day 2013. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013.
10. World Health Organization: Hypertension Control: WHO Tech Rep Series 1996;862.
11. Gupta R, Gupta S, Gupta P, Prakash H. Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in the urban population of Jaipur in western India. J Hypertens 1995; 13: 1193-1200.
12. Sharma AK, Gupta VP, Prakash H, Bharadwaj H, Rajeev Gupta. High prevalence of hypertension in desert based rural population of Rajasthan. South Asian Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 2003; 7(2): 81- 89.
13. Pradeep Kumar, Vikas K Desai, J K Kosambia. Prevalence of hypertension amongst the employees of a mega industry of south Gujarat. Indian Journal of Community Medicine.2002; 27(1): 19-25.
14. An Updated Prasad’s Socio-Economic Status Classification for 2013 by Shankar Reddy Dudala, Arlappa N; ISSN: 2321 – 1431.
15. Teo GS, Indris MN Prevalence of hypertension among Chinese elderly and its relationship to behavioural and nutritional factors. Medical Journal of Malaysia 1996 Mar; 51(1): 33-40.
16. Chadha SL, Shukla DK, Neerpal Singh. Urban-rural differences in the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors. Cardiology Today: 2001 Jul-Aug; 5(4): 237-240.
Copyright (c) 2020 Bharat Kumar Kalra, Anupam Seth
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.