Estimate the Relationship on Haemoglobin, Serum Iron & Vitamin B12: A Prospective Observational Study.
Background: Anaemia is a global public health problem which affects both the developing and the developed countries and it is an indicator of poor nutrition and poor health with major consequences for human health, as well as for the social and economic development of a population. Anemia is a common problem throughout the world and iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the world. The purpose of the study is to estimate the relationship on Haemoglobin, Serum Iron & Vitamin B12.
Method: A hospital based, Prospective observational study was carried out at Vedantaa Institute of Medical Sciences, Palghar. Hemoglobin, Serum Iron & Vitamin B12 was done for 100% sample of enrolled of the Vedantaa Institute of Medical Sciences, Palghar at the age between 11 to 98 years. Statistics was carried out the estimate the relationship on Haemoglobin, Serum Iron & Vitamin B12.
Results: The analysis of the obtained data was based on the objective of the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used for data analysis and data interpretation. Results of the study revealed that 34.9% of the samples are males and 65.1% of the samples are female. 14.3% of the samples are in the age group of less than 11.8 to 36.8 years, 52.4% of samples were in the group of 36.8 to 61.8 years, 30.2% of samples were in the group of 61.8 to 86.8 years and 3.2% of samples are more than 86.8 years of age. After analysis and interpretation of data, it was found that out of boys 34.8% males were anaemic and out of females 65.2% females were anaemic.
Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia in the developing countries tends to be three to four times higher than in the developed countries. Hence, improvement in dietary habits related to consumption of green leafy vegetables should be included in diet plan. Health education, seminars on menstrual hygiene should be conducted at regular intervals.
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