Depression in Elderly Patients Attending the Psychiatry OPD: A Prospective Hospital Based Study
October - December 2017 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | Page : 84-87
(Lt. Col) Jeetpal Singh Rana1, Jaya Sharma2*
1 Assistant Professor; 2Senior Resident, Deptt. of Psychiatry,
Govt Doon Medical college Dehradun (UK).
How to cite this article: Rana JS, Sharma J. Depression in Elderly
Patients Attending the Psychiatry OPD: A Prospective Hospital Based Study. Int Arch
BioMed Clin Res. 2017;3(4):84-87.
Background: Cognitive impairment is a common clinical issue among
elderly patients suffering with depression and has a more obscure etiology. The
present study aimed to determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment and depression
in geriatric patients attending Psychiatric OPD. Methods: This
Prospective cross-sectional study was carried out on elderly people (n=110) attending
the Psychiatry OPD of Govt Doon Medical college Dehradun (UK). The cognitive function
and depression were assessed by applying standardized Mini-Mental State Examination
of Folstein (MMSE) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), respectively. Results:
Prevalence of cognitive impairment was 35.71% (36.41% women, 24.5% men), whereas
the prevalence of depression was 45.45% (51.02% women, 39.89% men) significant differences
were observed. Conclusions: Cognitive impairment and depression
were found to be more prevalent in the females than in the males. Hence, psychiatrist
should pay special attention for early detection and treatment of depressive symptoms
in elderly people with cognitive impairment.
Keywords: Cognitive impairment, Depression, Elderly subjects
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