Psychological Impacts of Skin Diseases in Comparison to Chronic Diseases
October - December 2017 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | Page : 58-61
Bashair M. Al-Wasiyah1, Nada S. Alzahrani1, Reem H. Alenazi1,
Sarah K. AlHarbi1, Haythum O. Tayeb2, Amal A Kokandi3*
1 Student, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
2Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University,
Saudi Arabia. 3Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz
University, Saudi Arabia.
How to cite this article: Al-Wasiyah BM, Alzahrani NS, Alenazi
RH, AlHarbi SK, Tayeb HO, Kokandi AA. Psychological Impacts of Skin Diseases in
Comparison to Chronic Diseases. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res. 2017;3(4):58-61
Background: Suffering from skin diseases is more than a cosmetic
nuisance. Patients with chronic skin diseases often experience significant psychological
and social distress and fear of stigma. The aim of this study was to determine the
psychological impact (depression, anxiety and stress) of skin diseases in comparison
to chronic diseases among patients at an academic tertiary healthcare centre in
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross sectional study involving
125 patients with chronic skin-related disorders recruited from the dermatology
clinic at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) and 100 patients with non-skin-related
chronic disease were recruited from the medical, surgical and day care clinics at
KAUH using the self-administered Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) Arabic
questionnaire. Results: There was no significant difference in
the level of depression, anxiety and stress in the group of subjects with skin diseases
in comparison to the group with chronic diseases. However, subjects who have chronic
disease were more likely to have severe and extremely severe stress compared to
those who have skin disease when the levels of depression, anxiety and depression
were categorized into normal, mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe levels.
Conclusions: The association of depression, anxiety and stress
in skin diseases are similar to chronic diseases. Subjects who have chronic disease
were more likely to have severe and extremely severe stress compared to those who
have skin disease. Patients with skin diseases need to be assessed regarding the
psychological impact of their diseases.
Keywords: Skin diseases, psychological impact
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