IABCR Journal Header

Article Viewer

Search

Article QR Code

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

10.21276/iabcr.2017.3.4.15
Psychological Impacts of Skin Diseases in Comparison to Chronic Diseases
Download PDF     Print

October - December 2017 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | Page : 58-61

Bashair M. Al-Wasiyah1, Nada S. Alzahrani1, Reem H. Alenazi1, Sarah K. AlHarbi1, Haythum O. Tayeb2, Amal A Kokandi3*

1 Student, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. 3Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.

How to cite this article: Al-Wasiyah BM, Alzahrani NS, Alenazi RH, AlHarbi SK, Tayeb HO, Kokandi AA. Psychological Impacts of Skin Diseases in Comparison to Chronic Diseases. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res. 2017;3(4):58-61

ABSTRACT

Background: Suffering from skin diseases is more than a cosmetic nuisance. Patients with chronic skin diseases often experience significant psychological and social distress and fear of stigma. The aim of this study was to determine the psychological impact (depression, anxiety and stress) of skin diseases in comparison to chronic diseases among patients at an academic tertiary healthcare centre in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross sectional study involving 125 patients with chronic skin-related disorders recruited from the dermatology clinic at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) and 100 patients with non-skin-related chronic disease were recruited from the medical, surgical and day care clinics at KAUH using the self-administered Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) Arabic questionnaire. Results: There was no significant difference in the level of depression, anxiety and stress in the group of subjects with skin diseases in comparison to the group with chronic diseases. However, subjects who have chronic disease were more likely to have severe and extremely severe stress compared to those who have skin disease when the levels of depression, anxiety and depression were categorized into normal, mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe levels. Conclusions: The association of depression, anxiety and stress in skin diseases are similar to chronic diseases. Subjects who have chronic disease were more likely to have severe and extremely severe stress compared to those who have skin disease. Patients with skin diseases need to be assessed regarding the psychological impact of their diseases.

Keywords: Skin diseases, psychological impact

REFERENCES
  1. Hong J, Koo B, Koo J. The psychosocial and occupational impact of chronic skin disease. Dermatol Ther. 2008; 21(1): 54-59.
  2. Gupta MA, Gupta AK. A practical approach to the assessment of psychosocial and psychiatric comorbidity in the dermatology patient. Clinics in Dermatology. 2013; 31(1): 57-61.
  3. Gupta MA. Psychiatric dermatology revisited. Clinics in Dermatology. 2017; 35(3): 243-245.
  4. Rapp SR, Feldman SR, Exum ML, Fleischer AB Jr, Reboussin DM. Psoriasis causes as much disability as other major medical diseases. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1999; 41(3 Pt 1): 401-407.
  5. Boehm D, Schmid-Ott G, Finkeldey F, John SM, Dwinger C, Werfel T, Diepgen TL, Breuer K. Anxiety, depression and impaired health-related quality of life in patients with occupational hand eczema. Contact Dermatitis. 2012; 67(4): 184-192.
  6. Dalgard FJ, Gieler U, Tomas-Aragones L, Lien L, Poot F, Jemec GBE, Misery L, Szabo C, Linder D, Sampogna F, Evers AWM, Halvorsen JA, Balieva F, Szepietowski J, Romanov D, Marron SE, Altunay IK, Finlay AY, Salek SS, Kupfer J20. The psychological burden of skin diseases: a cross-sectional multicenter study among dermatological out-patients in 13 European countries. J Invest Dermatol. 2015; 135(4): 984-991.
  7. Al-Hoqail IA. Impairment of quality of life among adults with skin disease in king fahad medical city, saudi arabia. J Family Community Med. 2009; 16(3): 105-109.
  8. AlShahwan MA. The Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression in Arab Dermatology Patients. J Cutan Med Surg. 2015; 19(3): 297-303.
  9. Bin Saif GA, Al-Balbeesi AO Binshabaib R, Alsaad D, Kwatra SG, Alzolibani AA, Yosipovitch G. Quality of life in family members of vitiligo patients: a questionnaire study in Saudi Arabia. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2013; 14(6): 489-495.
  10. Lovibond SH, Lovibond PF. Manual for the Depression Anxiety & Stress Scales. (2nd Ed.)Sydney: Psychology Foundation 1995
  11. Ahmed AE, Al-Dahmash AM, Al-Boqami QT, Al-Tebainawi YF. Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Saudi Arabian Dermatology Patients: Cross-sectional study. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2016; 16(2): e217-223.
  12. Magin P, Sibbritt D, Bailey K. The relationship between psychiatric illnesses and skin disease: a longitudinal analysis of young Australian women. Arch Dermatol. 2009; 145(8): 896-902.

Published by Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine & Sciences, registered in 2001 under Indian Trusts Act, 1882.
Publication Manager: Dr. Tayyaba Farhan
Index Copernicus