Evaluation of Hematological Abnormalities in HIV Patients in Kosi Zone of Bihar
October - December 2017 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | Page : 44-46
Abhishek Kumar1*, P.K. Agrawal2, Vishal Parmar3,
Faiyaz Alam4, Farogh Haidry1, Yogesh Kumar Dubey1,
Saad Bin Saif1
1Post Graduate Trainee; 2Professor; 3Associate
Professor; 4Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Katihar Medical
How to cite this article: Kumar A, Agrawal PK, Parmar V, Alam F,
Haidry F, Dubey YK, Saif SB. Evaluation of Hematological Abnormalities in HIV Patients
in Kosi Zone of Bihar. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res. 2017;3(4):44-46.
Background: Hematological abnormalities are among the most common complications
of HIV. Anaemia is the most common hematological abnormality in HIV patients, and
is strongly associated with the progression of the disease, followed by leucopenia
and thrombocytopenia. The objective of the study is to find out the magnitude &
type of hematological abnormalities and its correlation to CD4 Count. Methods: The
study was done on 80 HIV patients, above the age of 15 yrs, including both males
and females, attending ART Centre, at Katihar Medical College, Katihar, Bihar. Various
haematological parameters were recorded and studied with respect to CD4 count.
Among the total patients, 57.5% had anaemia, 23.75% had leucopenia and 12.5% had
thrombocytopenia. The magnitude of these abnormalities were directly proportional
to low CD4 counts. Results: Among the total patients, 57.5% had anaemia, 23.75%
had leucopenia and 12.5% had thrombocytopenia. The magnitude of these abnormalities
were directly proportional to low CD4 counts. . Conclusions: These hematological
parameters can be used to assess the severity and progression of HIV as they are
directly associated with CD4 count. Anaemia being the single most independent factor
associated with high mortality. Aggressive treatment of these haematological abnormalities
can lead to substantial decline in morbidity and mortality associated with HIV patients.
Keywords: HIV, Thrombocytopenia, Leucopenia
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