Social Determinants of Low Back Pain in Females of Reproductive Age Group Residing in Urban Lahore, Pakistan
October - December 2017 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | Page : 20-23
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shalamar Medical
and Dental College, Shalamar Link Road, Mughalpura, Lahore, Pakistan.
How to cite this article: : Shahzad S. Social Determinants of Low
Back Pain in Females of Reproductive Age Group Residing in Urban Lahore, Pakistan.
Int Arch BioMed Clin Res. 2017;3(4):20-23.
Background: Nonspecific low back pain (LBP) is a common problem among females of
reproductive age group that leads to low quality of life to a greater extent. Nonspecific
LBP is other than any diagnosed pathological or structural cause of back pain. Objectives:
1) to determine trends of back pain in females of reproductive age group 2) to identify
association between social determinants and LBP. Methods: It was a cross sectional
study conducted in one town of Lahore, Pakistan; selected randomly. Convenient sampling
technique was applied to recruit the study subjects. Sample size was calculated
on Sample Size Determination in Health Studies Software by WHO. Calculated sample
size was 89, and researcher had taken a sample of 100 females. Target group for
current study was females of reproductive age (15-49 years); and age was categorized
into two categories i.e.?30 years and ?30 years for frequency determination. Data
collection tool was self-developed questionnaire and data collection was done through
interview method. Data analysis was done using SPSS 20. Results: Age range was 18-46
years; Mean age was 32.59 ± 7.73. 27% females had LBP in the ?30 year category and
60% females had LBP in the ?30 year category. A total of 87% females were found
to have LBP, whereas 13% females did not have LBP. Chi square application revealed
statistically significant association (P-value ?0.05) between LBP and variables
studied: marital status, onset age of menarche, number of children, pressure of
daily additional home chores, feeling fatigued by 2pm after doing work since morning,
and irregular sleep pattern. Conclusions: Significant association between LBP and
social determinants in present study emphasize upon further research in this area
with a representative sample of the total population and more detailed and comprehensive
questionnaire. This will help to plan and implement health education and preventive
plan in this age group.
Keywords: Females, reproductive age, low back pain, social factors
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