A Cross-sectional Study on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and its Associated Risk Factors in Pregnant Women in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Udaipur
October - December 2017 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | Page : 17-19
Shalini Bansal*, Kshiti Baxi
* Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pacific
Medical College & Hospital, Bhilo ka bedla, Udaipur
How to cite this article: Bansal S, Baxi K. A Cross-sectional Study
on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and its Associated Risk Factors in Pregnant Women
in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Udaipur. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res. 2017;3(4):17-19.
Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common complication
of pregnancy that may results into chronic hypertension, increased rate of cesarean
delivery, fetal mortality and morbidity. Therefore, early diagnosis of GDM is very
essential to reduce maternal and fetal morbidity. Moreover, it can reduce the onset
of type 2 diabetes. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to determine
the prevalence of GDM in pregnant women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried
out at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pacific Medical College & Hospital,
Bhilo ka bedla, Udaipur using a sample size of 46 pregnant women. Blood glucose
levels were measured using glucose oxidase method with a glucometer. Data were analyzed
by using Microsoft Office Excel and SPSS version 20. Results: Out of 46 pregnant
women who participated in the study, 10.8% were found to have GDM with the mean
± 2SD of 198.12 ± 35.53 mg/dl of their blood glucose results. The highest proportion
of GDM was revealed in pregnant women aged between 21 - 35 years. The lowest proportion
of GDM fell in age group of 36 - 45 years. Conclusions: The findings of this study
revealed that the prevalence of GDM was 10.8% and the most affected pregnant women
were in the age group of 31 - 40 years.
Keywords: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), Prevalence, Pregnancy, Age
Group, Risk Factors
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